GCSE Geography2018-04-06T11:36:30+00:00

GCSE Geography

Geography (Cambridge International Examination)

The Course

Geography is the study of people and places. At IGCSE three themes are covered: Population and Settlement, The Natural Environment and Economic Development. Within these themes a range of topic are explored including Population Dynamics, Migration, Urban Settlements, Earthquakes and Volcanoes, Rivers, Coasts, Development, Industry and Tourism.

The theme Population and Settlement allows students to discover the factors behind world population growth and the pressure an increasing population has placed on our planet. Students will investigate the factors that affect population growth, population decline and explore population policies which have been employed in various countries. There is a detailed investigation into settlement patterns and the impact of urban sprawl in the developing world, looking at the planning measures which are used to restrict this.

Within The Natural Environment we study the features of the earth and investigate how they are formed, delving into the physical processes that create earthquakes, hurricanes, desert and rainforest landscapes and the impacts humans have on these. Local, in addition to global, examples are used ensuring that learning remains relevant, engaging and interesting.

In the final theme, Economic Development, there is a detailed study of the gap in development between the richest and the poorest parts of the world, looking at how these differences have emerged and the current efforts that are being made to try and reduce the gap. Finally we look at tourism, one of the largest industries in the world and assess its importance to different locations.

In essence, Geography considers what happens when natural and human worlds collide. It explains the impact people have on places and considers how our world may change in the imminent and distant future.


The course is assessed by written examination and coursework. There are two written examination papers, Paper 1 Geographical Themes (45%) in which students answer questions on each of the themes and Paper 2 Geographical Skills (27.5%) which assesses map reading skills. The coursework is worth 27.5% of the final grade and takes place in the summer term of Year 10. There will be UK based field trip to support this.

Why Study Geography?

“The next generation, future generations, are going to be around for the next, say, 120 years, they’re going to have a lot to deal with and geography is key.” Michael Palin, 2012

Geography is an exciting and dynamic subject. It helps us to make sense of our complex and changing world, by explaining how places and landscapes are formed and how people and environments interact. It asks questions and requires critical thinking about issues facing us today and tomorrow.

The world is also examined through the soles of your feet during fieldwork and there are opportunities to think spatially, using maps, images and ICT. All these skills will help to support a wide range of other subjects and are immensely valued by employers.